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All About Interior Painting



Painting is the fastest and easiest way to transform your rooms. If your kitchen walls need some sprucing up or your child's playroom could do with a splash of color, painting is a relatively easy and inexpensive way to give a room a whole new look.


A coat of fresh color on the walls breathes life into any space--and decorative paint techniques go a step further, adding dimension, drama and distinctive personality. Painting also protects the surface from moisture, fading and temperature changes. The right paint will help you achieve the look you want while delivering fast, even coverage that will last for years to come.

Before learning about paint options and choosing the right paints, keep the following questions in mind when determining your project needs:

  • Are you painting walls, trim, doors, molding or cabinets?
  • Is the existing surface already painted?
  • Has the surface been stained? Is it prone to bleeding?
  • Does the surface require frequent cleaning? Does it have imperfections?


Things To Consider When Choosing Paint



You have a lot of choices when it comes to paint. Some of those choices will be determined by your project. Others will depend on your personal tastes and preferences. But there is one thing you should never consider optional, quality.


High-quality paints usually cost more, but they provide better coverage and last longer. If you go with a lower-quality paint based solely on the price tag, you'll probably end up spending more money in the long run. You will also spend more time painting, because you'll have to apply more coats and repaint sooner.


Water-Based vs. Oil-Based


Water-based (latex, acrylic) paint consists of a pigment and binder with water used as a carrier. You can use water-based latex paint in almost any home application, from exterior paint and trim, to interior walls and woodwork.


Latex paint is the most common and environmentally responsible providing soap and water clean up. These paints also dry faster and have fewer odors from VOC's (volatile organic compounds). It can often be applied over oil-based paint, but oil-based paint is not recommended for use over water-based.

Some of the major advantages of Water-based paint are:


  • Easily applied and touched up
  • Less odor
  • Breathable
  • Nonflammable
  • Soap and water cleanup
  • Quicker drying
  • Better color retention


Oil-Based (alkyd)Oil-based or alkyd paint is probably the most well known type of oil paint available on the market. The word alkyd actually refers to the synthetic resin used as a binder in the paint. This would be the oil in the paint, most commonly vegetable oil.


It consists of a pigment and resin in a solvent thinner. When thinners evaporate, the resins form a hard coating. If the surface was previously painted with more than four coats of oil paint, water-based paint may cause the oil paint to pull away and crack.


Some of the major advantages of Oil-based paint are:

  • Better surface penetration
  • Better adhesion
  • Durability
  • Better flow and leveling
  • Dries to a smoother finish with fewer brush/roller marks
  • Helps prevent bleed through


Paint Sheens


Another consideration in selecting the proper paint is a factor called paint sheen. Paint sheen refers to how shiny the dried paint surface becomes. The most common sheens, in order of descending gloss, are flat/matte, eggshell, satin, semi gloss and gloss.


Flat or Eggshell Flat or eggshell paints have the least amount of sheen. As a result, flat paints are the most forgiving in terms of showing minor wall imperfections. Think of a car with bad bodywork. If it were painted glossy black, you would see every flaw. If it were painted a flat white, you would not notice the flaws as much.


Flat paint is good for hiding imperfections in the drywall tape joints. Add texture to the mix which hides even more flaws and you have the reason textured ceilings painted with flat paint are so common. Flat paint is commonly used in all walls and ceilings in the home, with the exception of kitchens and bathrooms.


Semi-Gloss or Satin Semi-Gloss or Satin paint is most commonly used in rooms that require frequent cleaning, such as kitchens, bathrooms, laundry rooms and children's rooms. A satin finish will provide more stain resistance and easier cleanup than a flat or eggshell finish. Satin also has the advantage of not bringing out surface imperfections as much as a semi-gloss or gloss.


Gloss Glossy paints provide better stain resistance and make the surface easier to clean. Glossier paints protect and highlight trim work, cabinetry, doors and molding. They can also highlight surface imperfections, so they're not recommended for walls.



Best Design Practices


Color is the key to your room's personality, and combining new colors and decorative techniques will make your home come alive. Selecting a color scheme is one of the first decisions you'll need to make before painting. When choosing a color scheme, try to find a starting point to make the job easier. It can be your walls, floors, a favorite object, a painting or furniture that will be part of the finished room.


Another good place to start is the color wheel. Made up of primary, secondary, and tertiary colors, the wheel shows how colors relate to each other. You can choose colors from one side of the wheel for a harmonious blend or select two or three from opposite sides for a scheme based on contrast. Both approaches create satisfying combinations, and the scheme you settle on should reflect your personal tastes.



Painting Textures



Painting walls and ceilings different colors can give any room in the house a different look. But, for something truly unique, you may want to consider adding some texture. Texturing a wall not only enhances its aesthetic value, it is also easy to do yourself and can be a lot of fun. There are nearly unlimited ways to enhance a wall or ceiling with texture, so it's really just a matter of what kind of look you want.


In addition to enhancing the look of a room, texturing can also be used for acoustic purposes. A popcorn ceiling can be used to dampen sound, which may be an important consideration if there's a bedroom located above the room you want painted. It can also cover up stains, poorly taped drywall and other imperfections or damaged sections. There are a number of special paints designed to facilitate texturing, but regular latex paints and household products like sponges and rags to add flair and style to a wall. The texture and designs can be as simple or as complex as you want them to be.


Texture Paints: Texture grades range from very fine to coarse. While many texture paints can be used on both walls and ceilings, some are designed specifically for one or the other. Ceiling texture paint is used to create texture on drywall, plastered ceilings and acoustic tiles. Sand texture paint features an extra-heavy bodied finish that can be used to add a gritty texture to both walls and ceilings. Smooth texture paint is slightly lighter and offers a more subtle effect. Texture paint may be premixed or come in powdered form, in which case you can add in powder until you achieve the consistency you're looking for. Knockdown texture is tough and durable and can be painted over with virtually any color. Popcorn texture is very heavy and effectively deadens sound. Eggshell and satin finishes can be used to show the depth of texturing.



Three Reasons To Texture Paint.
  • Textured paint is a quick, simple way to dress up any wall or ceiling.
  • Hides imperfections or damaged areas, such as nail holes in new drywall or rips, dents, or dings.
  • Huge variety of paints and applications to create a customized look.


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Paint Texture Examples



Crows Feet Texture
Crows Feet
Crows Feet Knock Down Texture
Crows Feet Knock Down
Splatter Knock Down
Splatter Knock Down
Spanish Knock Down
Spanish Knock Down
Medium Knock Down
Medium Knock Down
Skip Trowel
Skip Trowel
Light Skip Trowel
Light Skip Trowel
Hand Trowel
Hand Trowel
Hand Trowel Heavy Drag
Hand Trowel Heavy Drag
Glazed Spanish Hand Trowel
Glazed Spanish Hand Trowel
Swirl Texture
Swirl
Drag
Drag
Sharp Edge Trowel
Sharp Edge Trowel
Rosedbud
Rosedbud
Medium Orange Peel
Medium Orange Peel
Small Orange Peel
Small Orange Peel
Light Orange Peel
Light Orange Peel
Extreme Light Orange Peel
Extreme Light Orange Peel
Medium Knock Down
Medium Knock Down
Stucco
Stucco

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